Scoliosis an under diagnosed condition
Normally spine of a person is straight when you see it from the back. The abnormal curvature of the spine is spine deformity. The spine of a person with scoliosis looks more like an “S” or a “C” than a straight line. It means there is an abnormal, sideways curvature or bend of the spine. Scoliosis kids prevalence is 0.47–5.2 % in the general population. The female-to-male kids’ ratio ranges from 1.5:1 to 3:1, indicating more affected female children. Scoliosis/ abnormal spine curve progression is accelerated during the time of menarche. In most 1st and 2nd world countries, parents know about scoliosis and the importance of early identification among their kids. In our country, it’s still an underdiagnosed condition.Consequences of scoliosis are breathing problems, rarely cardiac problems, back pain, cosmetic deformity and psychosocial impact.
Because of the lack of awareness, people get it diagnosed very delayed/ leave it undiagnosed until the adult age group, resulting in bad treatment outcomes.
Causes of scoliosis are manifold. Some children are born with it (congenital scoliosis), while others develop during the growth phase. But the most commonly registered trait of scoliosis is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. As the name implies, the reason for this kind is unknown, and the second common one is congenital.As I mentioned earlier, timing of treatment is the most important factor in scoliosis treatment.
Very often we meet patients with complex scoliosis who had been denied treatment by doctors, who had advised them to wait until the growth of the spine is completed. This is an absolutely wrong concept. Treatment should be started whenever it is detected. Scoliosis can be best treated when the bones are pliable and amenable to correction of the deformity.
Purpose of treatment is to reduce the risk of lung disease, early onset of back/ neck pain problems and to extend the lifespan of those individuals (Minimum 8-10 years).Cosmetic comes at last.It’s very simple to identify a scoliotic kid. When we see scoliosis kids from the back,
- Kids will have uneven/ crooked shoulders (one is higher than the other).
- The Head won’t be placed in the centre of the body, it will be tilted to one side.
- One of their hips is higher than the other.
- When they stand, the relaxed arm to trunk gap is higher on one side compared to the other.
- Their posterior chest/ rib cage will appear uneven with a posterior chest/ rib hump.